Sizes Specifies the sizes of icons for visual media. Can be used for favicons. Multiple values can be provided, as long as they're separated by a space. Examples: sizes"16x16" (1 size) sizes"16x16 32x32 64x64" (3 different sizes) sizes"any" (any size) Global Attributes The following attributes are standard across all html 5 tags. Accesskey class contenteditable contextmenu dir draggable dropzone hidden id itemid itemprop itemref itemscope itemtype lang spellcheck style tabindex title translate for a full explanation of these attributes, see html 5 global attributes. Event Handler Content Attributes event handler content attributes enable you to invoke a script from within your html. The script is invoked when a certain "event" occurs.
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Possible values: Valuedescription alternate, gives alternate representations of the current document. For example, here is sample code (taken from the html5 specification) for giving the syndication feed hoe for the current page: link rel"alternate" type"application/atomxml" href"data. Gives a link to the current document's author help Provides a link to context-sensitive help. Icon Imports an icon to represent the current document. License Indicates that the main content of the current document is covered by the copyright license described by the referenced document. Next Indicates that the current document is a part of a series, and that the next document in the series is the referenced document. Prefetch Specifies that the target resource should be preemptively cached. Prev indicates that the current document is a part of a series, and that the previous document in the series is the referenced document. Search gives a link to a resource that can be used to search through the current document and its related pages. Stylesheet Imports an external stylesheet. Type The mime type of content at the link destination.
The 83 pieces of graffiti found at cil iv, 4706-85 are evidence of the ability to read and write at levels of society where literacy might not be expected. The dieta graffiti appear on a peristyle which was being remodeled at the time of the eruption of Vesuvius by the architect Crescens. The graffiti were left by both the foreman and his workers. The brothel at cil vii, 12, 1820 contains more than 120 pieces of graffiti, some of which were the work of the prostitutes and their clients. The gladiatorial academy at cil iv, 4397 was scrawled with graffiti left by the gladiator Celadus Crescens ( Suspirium puellarum Celadus thraex : "Celadus the Thracian makes the girls sigh. Another piece from Pompeii, written on a tavern wall about the owner of the establishment and his questionable wine: Landlord, may your lies malign Bring destruction on your head! You yourself drink unmixed wine, water do you sell to your guests instead. 17 It was not only the Greeks and Romans who produced graffiti: the maya site of tikal in guatemala contains examples of ancient maya graffiti. Viking graffiti survive in Rome and at Newgrange mound in Ireland, and a varangian scratched his name (Halvdan) in runes on a banister in the hagia sophia at Constantinople.
An invalid keyword and an empty string will be handled as the anonymous value. Hreflang, language code of the destination url. The value ontharingslaser must be a valid rfc 3066 language code. Media, specifies which media the target url uses. Only to be used when the href attribute is present. Value: The value must be a valid media query. The default value is all. Rel, describes the relationship between the current document and the destination uri. Multiple values can be provided, separated by a space.
Many demonstrate a very high level of literacy and a deep appreciation of art and poetry. 13 Most of the graffiti refer to the frescoes 14 of semi-nude females found there. One reads: Wet with cool dew drops fragrant with perfume from the flowers came the gentle breeze jasmine and water lily dance in the spring sunshine side-long glances of the golden-hued ladies stab into my thoughts heaven itself cannot take my mind as it has. 15 Among the ancient political graffiti examples were Arab satirist poems. Yazid al-Himyari, an Umayyad Arab and Persian poet, was most known for writing his political poetry on the walls between Sajistan and Basra, manifesting a strong hatred towards the Umayyad regime and its walis, and people used to read and circulate them very widely. 16 clarification needed literacy or illiteracy often revealed in graffiti historic forms of graffiti have helped gain understanding into the lifestyles and languages of past cultures. Errors in spelling and grammar in these graffiti offer insight into the degree of literacy in Roman times and provide clues on the pronunciation of spoken Latin. Examples are cil iv, 7838: Vettium Firmum / aed ilem quactiliar ii sic rog ant. Here, "qu" is pronounced "co".
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One inscription gives cuperoza the address of a woman named novellia primigenia of Nuceria, a prostitute, apparently of great beauty, whose services were much in demand. Another shows a phallus accompanied by the text, mansueta tene handle with care. Disappointed love also found its way onto walls in antiquity: quisquis amat. Veneri volo frangere costas fustibus et lumbos debilitare deae. Si potest illa mihi tenerum pertundere pectus quit ego non possim caput illae frangere fuste? Whoever loves, go to hell. I want to break venus's ribs with a club and deform her hips.
If she can break my tender heart why can't I hit her over the head? — cil iv, 1824. 12 Ancient tourists visiting the 5th-century citadel at Sigiriya in Sri lanka scribbled over 1800 individual graffiti there between the 6th and 18th centuries. Etched on the surface of the mirror Wall, they contain pieces of prose, poetry, and commentary. The majority of these visitors appear to have been from the elite of society: royalty, officials, professions, and clergy. There were also soldiers, archers, and even some metalworkers. The topics range from love to satire, curses, wit, and lament.
The word originates from Greek γράφειν— graphein —meaning "to write". 6 History figure graffito, similar to a relief, at the castellania, in Valletta The term graffiti referred to the inscriptions, figure drawings, and such, found on the walls of ancient sepulchres or ruins, as in the catacombs of Rome or at Pompeii. Use of the word has evolved to include any graphics applied to surfaces in a manner that constitutes vandalism. 7 The only known source of the safaitic language, a form of proto-Arabic, is from graffiti: inscriptions scratched on to the surface of rocks and boulders in the predominantly basalt desert of southern Syria, eastern Jordan and northern saudi Arabia. Safaitic dates from the first century bc to the fourth century.
8 9 Modern-style graffiti The first known example of "modern style" graffiti survives in the ancient Greek city of Ephesus (in modern-day turkey ). Local guides say it is an advertisement for prostitution. Located near a mosaic and stone walkway, the graffiti shows a handprint that vaguely resembles a heart, along with a footprint, a number, and a carved image of a woman's head. This is believed to indicate that a brothel was nearby, with the handprint symbolizing payment. 10 The ancient Romans carved graffiti on walls and monuments, examples of which also survive in Egypt. Graffiti in the classical world had different connotations than they carry in today's society concerning content. Ancient graffiti displayed phrases of love declarations, political rhetoric, and simple words of thought, compared to today's popular messages of social and political ideals 11 The eruption of Vesuvius preserved graffiti in Pompeii, which includes Latin curses, magic spells, declarations of love, alphabets, political slogans.
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Within hip hop culture, graffiti have evolved alongside hip hop music, b-boying, and other elements. 3, unrelated to hip-hop graffiti, gangs use their own form of graffiti to mark territory or to serve as an indicator of gang-related activities. 4, controversies that surround graffiti continue to create disagreement amongst city officials, law enforcement, and writers who wish to display and appreciate work in public locations. There are many different types and styles of graffiti; it is a rapidly developing art form whose value is highly contested and reviled by many authorities while also subject to protection, sometimes within the same jurisdiction. Etymology, both "graffiti" and its occasional singular form "graffito" are from the Italian word graffiato scratched. "Graffiti" is applied in art history to works of art produced by scratching a design into a surface. A related term is " sgraffito 5 which involves scratching through one layer of pigment to reveal ieper another beneath. This technique was primarily used by potters who would glaze their wares and then scratch a design into. In ancient times graffiti were carved on walls with a sharp object, although sometimes chalk or coal were used.
For historical graffiti, see, graffito (archaeology). For other uses, see, graffiti (disambiguation). Graffiti (plural of graffito : "a graffito but "these graffiti are writing or drawings that have been scribbled, scratched, or painted, typically illicitly, on a wall or other surface, often within public view. Graffiti range from simple written words to elaborate wall paintings, and betekenis they have existed since ancient times, with examples dating back. Ancient Egypt, ancient Greece, and the, roman Empire. 2, in modern times, paint (particularly spray paint ) and marker pens have become the most commonly used graffiti materials. In most countries, marking or painting property without the property owner's permission is considered defacement and vandalism, which is a punishable crime. Graffiti may also express underlying social and political messages and a whole genre of artistic expression is based upon spray paint graffiti styles.
attribute. The purpose of the crossorigin attribute is to allow you to configure the cors requests for the element's fetched data. The values for the crossorigin attribute are enumerated. Possible values: Valuedescription anonymous, cross-origin cors requests for the element will not have the credentials flag set. In other words, there will be no exchange of user credentials via cookies, client-side ssl certificates or http authentication. Use-credentials, cross-origin cors requests for the element will have the credentials flag set. If this attribute is not specified, cors is not used at all.
The external style sheet is linked to the document with the link tag. Html link Example, here is some text styled differently. Try changing/removing the 'link' tag to see the difference it makes to the text. Attributes, html online tags can contain one or more attributes. Attributes are added to a tag to provide the browser with more information about how the tag should appear or behave. Attributes consist of a name and a value separated by an equals sign, with the value surrounded by double"s. Here's an example, style"color:black. There are 3 kinds of attributes that you can add to your html tags: Element-specific, global, and event handler content attributes.
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The html link tag is used for defining a link to an external resource. It is placed in in the head section of the html document. The link tag is commonly used for linking to an external style sheet. But it can also be used for other purposes such as assisting search engines by providing links to relevant resources, and providing information on the website's navigational structure, etc. Although nóg the link tag creates what is referred to as a "hyperlink it is not used for creating the "clickable" hyperlink that most web users are familiar with. To create such a link, use the a tag. Example, this example references styles an external style sheet.